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ESOL Online. Every child literate - a shared responsibility.
Ministry of Education.

Learning task 4

Multiple opportunities for authentic language use

A dictogloss is a useful tool for providing multiple opportunities for authentic language use.

  • Dictation - read the Dictogloss text (Word 30KB) at a speed a little bit slower than native speaker speed. Read the text again at native speaker speed and on the second reading students individually make very brief notes (sentence fragments) on main ideas. Remember that the purpose is to get the main ideas, not every word exactly as it appears in the text, so do not read too slowly.
  • Reconstruction - the students work in pairs and then fours to compare notes and write a shared version of the text, editing for accurate punctuation, spelling and inclusion of the main ideas.
  • Analysis and correction - the students compare reconstructions with other groups and with the original. Discuss the differences. Dictogloss takes about 1 hour if done carefully.

For further information on dictogloss, see Wajnryb, R. (1990). Resource Books for Teachers: Grammar Dictation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Principle 5

Published on: 19 Feb 2018