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ESOL Online. Every child literate - a shared responsibility.
Ministry of Education.

Writing frames or text frames

Writing frames provide a language scaffold that helps support students as they write so that they can concentrate on communicating what they want to say. The frame or outline, summarises the structure of the planned text and provides prompts, which may include questions, key points, or sentence starters, that are designed to help the students fill in the outline. By using the frame students become increasingly familiar with the language and linguistic features used so that they can achieve.

A Text frame scaffolds the text structure of a genre in the same manner as a writing frame.

Watch these short videos to see writing frames being used in a primary context and in a secondary context

Primary level


Secondary level

Teaching and learning sequence examples:

Primary level:

Secondary level:

Published on: 19 Jan 2018