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ESOL Online. Every child literate - a shared responsibility.
Ministry of Education.

Learning task 6

Metacognitive strategies

Explicitly model metacognitive strategies.

Metacognition can be defined simply as thinking about thinking (Anderson, N. 2002). It is the learner's ability to be consciously aware as a thinker, and to monitor and regulate mental processing.

Metacognitive skills can be learned through teacher modelling and student practice. It is helpful to all students when teachers think aloud about the choices they make when reading, writing, listening or speaking, and especially when they model what strategies they use when they don't understand. Metacognitive skills can be used before, during and after a task.

What to consider:

  • What metacognitive prompts did I focus on?

For more information see ESOL teaching strategies, three level reading guide.

Learning task 6
Teaching and learning activities Principles

Model how to read text by being explicit about your strategies as you read aloud. As you read this Acids and bases text (Word 30KB) to your students ask them to respond to these questions:

Before reading

  • What do the headings tell me the topic of the reading is? What do I already know about this topic? What do I expect to learn?
  • Have I come up with logical predictions about what the text will be about?

During reading

  • After I have read the first paragraph could I summarise it? If I can't should I go back and use a different strategy such as reading more slowly?

After reading

  • Where in the text is the evidence for my decision?
  • Have I understood the text well enough to respond to the statements? Do I need to re-read?

Use the AcidsBases-3LevelGuide (Word 27KB) for this task.

Principle 7

Published on: 19 Feb 2018