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ESOL Online. Every child literate - a shared responsibility.
Ministry of Education.

Thinking and metacognition

Teachers scaffold a student’s learning in order to help them achieve. For an English language learner this will include scaffolding to support a student’s curriculum learning goals and their use of the English language.

Teachers should know why they are selecting a particular strategy, determine where in their teaching and learning cycle it is best used and reflect on whether its use has been effective or not. At all times the ESOL principles and their knowledge of the student should guide the planning, teaching and task sequencing process.

Strategies used in a co-operative setting provide greater opportunities for the students to notice and use language.

Thinking and Metacognitive Strategies:

Activating prior knowledge: Principle 1 KWL chart: Principles 1 and 7
Brainstorming: Principle 1 Learning grid: Principles 1, 2, 3 and 7
Collaborative poster: Principles 3, 4, 5 and 6 Learning logs and Reflection journals: Principles 1 and 7
Concept circles: Principles 2, 5 and 7 Matching exercise: Principles 2, 3, 5, 6 and 7
Concept map: Principles 1, 3, 5 and 7 Plus, minus, interesting (PDF): Principles 5 and 6
Concept star: Principles 1, 3 and 5 Quick writing: Principles 1, 3 and 7
Consensus: Co-operative learning: Principles 1, 5, 6 and 7 RIQ (321): Principles 1 and 7
Consensus round/Reaching a consensus: Principles 3, 4, 5 and 6 Structured overview: Principles 3, 4, 5 and 6
Freeze frame: Principles 1, 3, 4 and 5 Text reconstruction: Principles 3, 4 and 5
Graphic organisers: Principles 1, 5 and 6 Think aloud: Principles 1, 3 and 7
Guess and check: Principles 4 and 7 Think, pair, share: Principles 1, 3, 5 and 7
Hot potato: Principles 1 and 7 Venn diagrams: Principles 1, 3 and 5
Information transfer: Principles 2, 3 and 6  

  Teaching approaches and strategies: contains full descriptions of each strategy.

Key Thinking and Metacognitive resources:

Published on: 18 Apr 2012




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