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Reading Strategy: Story graph or Story map
Most strategies can be used to support all seven of the ESOL principles dependent upon how the teacher decides to use the strategy within their teaching and learning planning cycle. This strategy is usually used to support:
Principle 3: Maintain and make explicit the same learning outcomes for all the learners. How can I make the lesson comprehensible to all students? How can I plan the learning tasks so that all the students are actively involved? Do my students understand the learning outcomes?
Principle 4: Begin with context embedded tasks which make the abstract concrete. How can I put these concepts into a concrete context?
Principle 6: Ensure a balance between receptive and productive language. Are the students using both productive (speaking, writing) and receptive (listening, reading) language in this lesson?
Students draw a line graph to show the rise and fall in excitement level of the plot. (See example below.) OR using the main events of the book (which the teacher may provide), give each event a rating eg. 1 - not exciting....5 - very exciting. Plot this information on a line graph. Drawing story graphs helps students to understand the structure of narrative texts,
Plot Tension Graph for Tomorrow When the War Began
© Ministry of Education, Wellington, New Zealand (First published 1998)
A story map is a strategy that uses a graphic organizer to help students learn the elements of a book or story. By identifying story characters, plot, setting, problem and solution, students read carefully to learn the details. There are many different types of story map graphic organisers. The most basic focus on the beginning, middle, and end of the story. More advanced organisers focus more on plot or character traits. It is an important task for all children, but especially for ELL students, to learn how to distinguish the main story from the unimportant material. Using story maps can improve students' comprehension and provide students with a framework for identifying the elements of a story. They can also help students of varying abilities organize information and ideas efficiently. The Reading rocket website provides examples based on books at different levels and in different learning areas.
Secondary level: Making Language and Learning Work DVD 2 - Year 12 English.
Teaching and learning sequence planning examples:
Some possible Teacher Inquiry questions:
Published on: 14 Aug 2012